|TODAY in HISTORY|
[LINK]: TODAY in HISTORY
|Mr. P's Class • Room 213 • Meigs Magnet School|
|Today in History|
|2||April 12, 1861:
The firing on Fort Sumter happened on this day in 1861. This event started the Civil War. 2011 is the sesquicentennial which means 150 years ago. The Civil War was a very destructive and costly war that lasted almost exactly four years. It ended in April, 1865 just days before President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.
|3||April 12, 1961:
Yuri Gagarin was the first person to enter "space." After many test flights which included dogs and monkeys, a human being finally braved the final frontier. The space flight, by today's standards, was not too impressive, but at that time was a marvel. The US matched the USSR's accomplishment of getting a human in space in May, 1961. The first American in space was Neil Armstrong. President Kennedy made a speech proclaiming, "we would put a man on the moon by decade's end." We did just that on July 20, 1969.
|4||April 12, 1981:
On the 20th anniversary of the first human in space, the US became the first nation to launch a reusuable spacecraft. The space shuttle, Columbia, was launched on it's maiden voyage on April 12, 1981. This shuttle, the workhorse of the space program, flew regularly until tragedy struck on February 1, 2003 when it exploded upon re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. It was later revealed that the tragedy was caused by a hit to the external fuel tank's protective coating on it's last launch.
|5||April 12, 1945:
Franklin D. Roosevelt died on this day in 1945. He had just been sworn in for his record-breaking fourth term only a few weeks prior to his death. It was later revealed that his health had been failing and that the American public had not been told.
Roosevelt is credited with turning the American ecomony around after the Great Depression by creating "The New Deal." This initiative created new infrastructure work to improve America and thus get people back to work. FDR also lead America through World War II.