NOTES!
in Room 213!




Propaganda [LINK]: propaganda #1 [LINK]: propaganda #2
1 The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition (1989) says that in the 20th century the word propaganda developed the following meaning: "The systematic propagation of information or ideas by an interested party, esp. in a tendentious way in order to encourage or instil a particular attitude or response. Also, the ideas, doctrines, etc., disseminated thus; the vehicle of such propagation." 
2 Information (words, images, sounds) used to manipulate people's behavior or beliefs.  Regardless of whether the message is true or false, it is always manipulative.  The target of a successful propagandist will feel that he/she has made a voluntary choice,  even though he/she was never given a real chance to do so.

3 During World War II, the word became a pejorative (disparaging; belittling) in the U.S.  Therefore our advertisers, marketers, public relations officials and public information officers no longer call their product propaganda.  Nevertheless, that is what it remains.
Most of us have come to think of propaganda as synonymous with lie.  And while any piece of propaganda can convey a lie, the best is usually true - true in that the specific things it says are true, even though its implications may be false. 
Common propaganda techniques
4 Word games
Name-calling
Glittering generalities
Euphemisms
False connections
Transfer
Testimonial
Special Appeals
Plain Folks
Bandwagon
Fear
Logical fallacies
5 [LINK]: propaganda posters
6 [LINK]: identify propaganda
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